University of California, Riverside

Human Resources



Definitions of Overtime Terms


Compensatory Time Off (CTO)

An overtime agreement allowing certain non-exempt employees to voluntarily select overtime compensation in the form of time off in lieu of compensation. Time off is provided at the premium rate of time-and-a-half. CTO eligibility is dependent upon bargaining unit agreement and the discretion of management.

Exempt Employee

Exempt employees are defined as employees who, based on duties performed and manner of compensation, shall be exempt from the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) minimum wage and overtime provisions. Because of hourly pay practices, an employee appointed to a per diem position in an exempt title shall be treated as a non-exempt employee subject to FLSA minimum wage and overtime provisions.

Exempt employees shall be paid an established monthly or annual salary and are expected to fulfill the duties of their positions regardless of hours worked.  Exempt employees are not eligible to receive overtime compensation or compensatory time off, and are not required to adhere to strict time, record keeping, and attendance rules for pay purposes.  Exempt titles are identified in Universitywide title and pay plans.

Non-Exempt Employee

Non-exempt employees are defined as employees who, based on duties performed and manner of compensation, shall be subject to all FLSA provisions. Because of hourly pay practices, an employee appointed to a per diem position shall be treated as a non-exempt employee subject to FLSA minimum wage and overtime provisions.

Non-exempt employees shall be required to account for time worked on an hourly and fractional hourly basis and are to be compensated for qualified overtime hours at the premium (time-and-one-half) rate.  Non-exempt titles are identified in title and pay plans.

Premium Overtime

Rate of pay equal to time-and-one-half of the employee’s regular rate of pay.  In most cases, this rate of pay is applied to hours worked in excess of 40 hours in a workweek. 

Regular Overtime

According to specific bargaining unit contracts, this rate of pay is equal to the employee’s regular rate of pay.  This pay rate is usually applied when workweeks are less than 40 hours.

Regular Rate of Pay

The regular rate of pay applicable to non-exempt employees only is specifically defined in the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act and is integral to the formula used to calculate premium overtime pay. The regular rate of pay is derived by dividing the total remuneration in a workweek (excluding pay for sick leave, vacation leave, holidays, premium overtime, and other types of non-productive pay) by the total number of hours actually worked in that workweek. The regular rate of pay is an hourly rate, either actual or derived.

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University of California, Riverside
900 University Ave.
Riverside, CA 92521
Tel: (951) 827-1012

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Department Information

Human Resources
1201 University Ave., Suite 208
Riverside, CA 92507

Tel: (951) 827-5588
Fax: (951) 827-2672

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